India’s favorite IIT which is ranked best by the national rankings – NIRF – is difficult to show a similar performance in the global rankings. The old and leading IITO boycotted the 2020 Higher Education (DAH) rankings in 2020, citing “transparency in their ranking process”. The boycott is still going on. In the recently released QS World University Rankings, the best performance from India was 177. Rank globally by IIT-Bombay. No Indian institution has been able to get a place in the global top 100.
Even among its Asian counterparts, India’s performance was innovative. The National University of Singapore (NUS) was ranked 11th globally in Asia by the QS World University Rankings 2021. Malaysia has the most ranked universities in Southeast Asia, with Indonesia with 22 admissions, with 16 institutions. China’s Tsinghua University is ranked 17th globally.
Although IIT-Delhi has improved its performance since last year, IIT-Delhi director V.S. Ramgopal Rao said he was not happy with the performance. Rao claims that “highlighting some shortcomings in the matrix of international ranking agencies, Rao claims that” India’s top institutions can be included in the top 50 in any university ranking in the world. “
In the ranking system, half a point is based on reputation. Out of the total, 40 per cent weightage is given for academic reputation and 10 per cent for employer reputation. The director of IITs said that in general IITs and Indian institutions need to look more at what they do. Announcing the NIRF rankings last year, the education minister said he did not agree with the global rankings and believed they gave too much weight to the ‘perspective’ matrix.
IIT also ranks foreign enrollments of teachers and students consistently low. In this regard, the IIT director said that IIT jobs are government jobs. Recruitment of international professors is still far from policy issues at all levels. Regarding international students, Rao said, “IITs admit students at the postgraduate and PhD levels, while it is difficult to be equal at the undergraduate level.” The doors are almost closed for international students at the JEE Ed exam, undergraduate level. He suggested that there should be more high quality institutions in India to ease the pressure on IIT admissions.
Some IITs have claimed that the ‘Certificate per Faculty’ which is one of the metrics considered by QS is not suitable for Indian institutions as when recruiting new faculty, the institutions come very low in the index. Sharing similar sentiments, Rao said in his open letter, “Instead of quoting as a metric per paper, quote per faculty. The latter would be better for fast growing institutions like IITs. “
Older IITs have also taken a hit in their student-teacher ratio as the number of students has increased due to the recently implemented EWS quota. The old IIT has added 2,500 additional students in the last two years due to the implementation of the EWS quota, Rao said, however, it is a slow process to find a “quality faculty” to suit these students, he said.
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